Budha and Ladha were two real brothers who were khatri by caste. The village has got its name from the name of these two brothers. Some of the population of the village was of Majhbi and Ramdasia. It was a part of Kaithal State. The king of the Kaithal State did not help the British during the insurgency of 1857. So the British annexed the kingdom. Later on, it was merged with Karnal District. It was the largest market of East Punjab. It was a very big recruitment centre of military personnels which was second to only to Rohtak in India. Prestigious Ashoka Chakra award was conferred on Hawaldar Joginder Singh Datewas who was recruited from Budhlada.
Budhlada city is 70km away from Bathinda and is situated on Bathinda-Delhi rail line. The border of Haryana state is 25km away from the city. As per 1991 census, the total population of the city is 18,123. The sub division came into being in 13-4-1992. The following are the offices operating in the city.
It has a block office under which are 87 panchayats, which monitors development work of villages.
There is a market committee which helps the farmers to sell their produce. It also has a Anaj Mandi, Jeeri Yard and a rest house for farmers which is equipped with modern facilities.
It has a primary health centre which is equipped with modern facilities.
The cleanliness of the city, sewage, supply of water works and lighting is maintained by municipal committee.
The city has an Industrial Training Institute, a JBT school, Guru Nanak College, Indira Gandhi College for Women, Govt. Senior Secondary School, DAV Model School and DAV Public School.
Besides the above offices, the city has veternity hospital, sales tax office, post office, telephone exchange, railway station, office of the irrigation department. It has five petrol pumps and a cooking gas agency. There are 16 rice mills and 8 cotton factories in the city. It has a PRTC depot and bus service is available to almost every city of Punjab.
The ancient name of Sardulgarh town was Rori Dhudal. It was a part of Patiala princely state before independence. The son of Maharaja Patiala, Mr. Sardul Singh came here for a hunting. There is a fort of Maharaja Patiala in a neglected state in which the office of the police station of Sardulgarh has been serving. The name of Sardulgarh town was named after Sardar Sardul Singh from Rori Dhudal. Initially Sardulgarh was a Sub tehsil. It was graded as a Sub Division in 1993 when tehsil headquarters were shifted from Jhunir to Sardulgarh. Earlier, there was a Gram Panchayat. It was upgraded to Nagar Panchayat on12-12-1996.